Best practices for low diversity sequencing on the NextSeq 500/550 and MiniSeq systems

04/07/22


Accurate and robust sequencing of low diversity or unbalanced composition libraries on the NextSeq 500/550 and MiniSeq requires well-designed experiments and informatics pipelines. A common example of a low diversity library is an amplicon-based library preparation method, such as 16S metagenomics. These libraries tend to have DNA sequences that start at the same location – the probe binding site – and are mostly identical. A single represented locus causes a biased base composition that can change drastically from cycle to cycle.

The NextSeq 500/550 and MiniSeq systems use 2-channel sequencing chemistry. Therefore, it is important to have all 4 DNA bases represented in every cycle, in order for the software to correctly identify DNA clusters and perform accurate base calling. To meet this requirement using a low diversity library, we recommend experimental designs that provide cycle-to-cycle diversity using the following methods:

  • Use indexing to add multiple, indexed samples from various applications to the run.
    • Indexed samples from applications that are more diverse, such as human amplicon sequencing, enrichment, or whole-genome sequencing, can be used to balance diversity.
    • For best results, sequence multiple samples on the same flow cell using single- or dual-indexing.

  • Spike-in PhiX control V3 Library to the run.
    • A good starting point is to use 50% PhiX and then titrate the amount down, based on the quality of the primary and secondary analysis results. The presence of the spiked-in sample provides the necessary cycle-to-cycle base diversity.

  • Aim to target a cluster density 30–40% beneath the recommended cluster density range for balanced libraries (such as PhiX) on NextSeq and MiniSeq systems.
    • MiniSeq reagents accommodate an optimal raw cluster density of 170-220 K/mm2 for balanced libraries
    • NextSeq 500/550 reagents accommodate an optimal raw cluster density of 170-220 K/mm2 for balanced libraries

The design recommendations in this bulletin enable the NextSeq 500/550 and MiniSeq systems to sequence low diversity libraries.