Understanding unique dual indexes (UDI) and associated library prep kits

04/13/21


Along with best practices, using the unique dual indexing strategy will make sure that libraries sequence and demultiplex with the highest accuracy across all Illumina sequencing platforms. When preparing libraries for multiplexing, Illumina encourages customers to use unique dual indexing (UDI) whenever possible to ensure the most accurate demultiplexing.

What you need to know about Unique Dual Indexing:

  • Unique dual indexing is a sequencing strategy that has distinct, unrelated index sequences for each of the i5 and i7 index reads.
  • Unique dual indexing is a known mitigation for filtering index-hopped reads seen in downstream analyses. Misassigned reads will be flagged as “undetermined reads” and can be excluded from analysis. For more information about index hopping refer to Effects of Index Misassignment on Multiplexing and Downstream Analysis. Additional best practices to mitigate index hopping can be found here.
  • Unique dual indexes, or non-redundant indexes, are used in the indexing step without any changes to the library preparation workflow.
  • With combinatorial dual indexing, every i5 and i7 is shared among other samples on the same plate with indexes repeating down rows and across columns. The combinations are unique though the individual indexes are not.
  • In contrast to combinatorial dual indexing, unique dual indexing has completely unique indexes (eg, 96 unique i5s and 96 unique i7s per 96-well plate).

 

Figure 1: With combinatorial dual indexing, every i5 and i7 is shared among other samples on the same plate with indexes repeating across rows and down columns; the combinations are unique though the individual indexes are not. In contrast to combinatorial dual indexing, unique dual indexing has completely unique indexes (eg, 96 unique i5s and 96 unique i7s per 96-well plate).

 

The following UDI kits are available for various Illumina workflows:

TruSeq Unique Dual Index kits

Product Name Catalog Number Indexes, Samples
IDT for Illumina - TruSeq DNA UD Indexes 20020590 24 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina - TruSeq DNA UD Indexes 20022370 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina - TruSeq RNA UD Indexes 20020591 24 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina - TruSeq RNA UD Indexes 20022371 96 Indexes,
96 Samples

 

IDT for Illumina DNA/RNA Unique Dual Index, Tagmentation kits

Product Name Catalog Number Indexes, Samples
IDT for Illumina DNA/RNA UD Indexes Set A, Tagmentation1 20027213 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina DNA/RNA UD Indexes Set B, Tagmentation2 20027214 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina Nextera DNA UD Indexes Set C 20027215 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina Nextera DNA UD Indexes Set D 20027216 96 Indexes,
96 Samples

 

IDT for Illumina RNA Unique Dual Indexes, Ligation kits

Product Name Catalog Number Indexes, Samples
IDT for Illumina RNA UD Indexes Set A, Ligation 20040553 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina RNA UD Indexes Set B, Ligation 20040554 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
  • IDT for Illumina RNA UD Indexes, Ligation are compatible with Illumina Stranded Total RNA and Illumina Stranded mRNA.
  • Note that these kits contain an IDT for Illumina DNA/RNA UD Index plate as well as an RNA Index Anchor plate. The RNA Index Anchors are required for compatibility with the workflow.

 

IDT for Illumina UMI DNA/RNA Unique Dual Indexes, Ligation kits

Product Name Catalog Number Indexes, Samples
IDT for Illumina UMI DNA/RNA UD Indexes Set A, Ligation 20035701 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
IDT for Illumina UMI DNA/RNA UD Indexes Set B, Ligation 20034702 96 Indexes,
96 Samples
  • IDT for Illumina UMI DNA/RNA UD Indexes are compatible with TruSight Oncology 500 High-Throughput.
  • Note that these kits contain an IDT for Illumina DNA/RNA UD Index plate as well as an UMI DNA Index Anchor plate. The UMI DNA Index anchors are required for compatibility with the workflow.

 

Ampliseq for Illumina Unique Dual Index kits

Product Name Catalog Number Indexes, Samples
AmpliSeq UD Indexes for Illumina 20019104 24 Indexes,
24 Samples

 

For a complete list of Illumina adapter sequences, refer to the Illumina Adapter Sequences document. For a complete list of Illumina index kits, refer to the Illumina adapter portfolio bulletin.

 

  • 1Formerly known as IDT for Illumina Nextera DNA UD Indexes Set A
  • 2Formerly known as IDT for Illumina Nextera DNA UD Indexes Set B
  • 3Formerly known as Nextera DNA Flex
  • 4Formerly known as Nextera Flex for Enrichment